General associations: Protection, healing, divination.
Pumpkins are indeed highly magickal and can be used in many, many magickal ways that may not actually spring to mind. As a vegetable of the harvest, they represent prosperity and abundance, as well as luck, for example!
*Pumpkin seeds can be used in a smaller scale spells and workings that correspond with the same intent as the pumpkin itself.
A carved pumpkin (should you want to use to them as the original turnip Jack-o-lanterns were used) should have ghoulish, grinning faces to protect from the wandering spirits that may be surrounding you due to the liminality of Samhain.
A lit pumpkin’s glow and scent may draw positive spirits and energy to your home, if you place it outside, by the door,
Pumpkins are known to strengthen divining abilities, so if you wish to gain more insight into any readings you do during this period you may want to work with a pumpkin nearby, drink or eat something with pumpkin it in beforehand (and/or during) or have some seeds on your person – you can have them in a spell jar, your pocket or hell, even in your mouth!
Some Recipes for Pumpkin Inclusive Foods (Kitchen Witchcraft!) All of these recipes are external links.
In layman’s terms, a dumb supper is a meal that is held in silence with food reserved for invited spirits. This ceremony is mean to be a time of remembrance and connection to those you have lost. That’s the simplest version of it.
The term “dumb” simply refers to the silence that is observed during the meal, as no one shall speak, no phones shall ring and no external noises such as radios, televisions should be able to be heard. Essentially, a dumb supper should be done in total, utter silence.
How do you do a dumb supper?
There is no staunch set of rules for this, aside from the silence. A basic template to follow if you’re unsure or doing this for the first time, may be as follows:
Cleanse your space; empty of it any energy, even if it’s residual. You can do this by burning incense, spritzing or chanting – however you feel is best. If you want to, or are wont to do, cast your circle now.
When you set the table for the meal, set a place for every physical being in attendance, making sure you make it so that the head of the table is set for the spirits who will be joining the supper. You may want to set a place for every spirit you want to invite, but this isn’t always feasible. If you like, you can use tealight candles set around the plate to represent them.
There is no set colour scheme for this ceremony, but black is typical of the season and activity. You may want a black tablecloth or candles on the table itself.
If possible, use candles as a light source.
Upon entering the room in which the supper is being served, no one may speak.
Only once everyone’s food has been served – spirits included – may anyone begin to eat.
During the meal, you may want to speak to your spirit guests in your mind; tell them you think of them, remember memories, share laughter. You may want to simply think about them, if that is easier.
Once the meal is over, you may want to say goodbye (silently of course).
Only when everyone is finished eating may you all leave and exit the room in silence. Once you are out of the ceremony space, the silence can be broken.
Food, drink and menu choices:
The food you serve at your dumb supper is entirely up to you. You may want to incorporate some of the traditional Samhain foods, e.g., apples, game, cider, late Autumn vegetables, etc,. but remember that you may want to serve food that pleases the spirits you invite too.
What do you do at the end of the supper?
This depends on you and your traditions.
If you’ve cast a circle, you will want to remove it and cleanse the area. When it comes to the food, there are a few things you can do to dispose of the food.
Some people choose to burn the meal afterwards – it is said that the smell of the burnt food can bring happiness to the spirits.
Some people will divide the meal out between the guests afterwards to make sure nothing goes to waste.
It is important to note that there are virtually no herbs or herb products that are guaranteed to be 100% safe for those who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Lots of factors play into whether something can be considered safe or not, and whilst one product is fine for one person, it may not be fine for the next.
This is going to be a very, very long post.
Alder Buckthorn (rhamnus frangula): may cause cramps and nausea; long time use may cause a potassium deficiency that leads to complications such as heart problems.
Aloe vera (aloe barbadensis): may induce a miscarriage if ingested.
Angelica(angelica archangelica): may cause womb contractions.
Arbor vitae(thuja occidentalis): may cause vomiting, diarrhoea, asthma, seizures, miscarriage, or premature labour.
Autumn Crocus(colchicum autumnale): this may affect cell division and cause birth defects.
Barberry(barbens vulgaris): may cause very strong contractions and thus, foetal distress. May also cause drops in blood sugar.
Beth root(trilium erectum): may stimulate the womb and cause premature labour or miscarriages.
Black cohosh(cimicifuga racemosa): hormonal and womb stimulating effects may cause premature labour.
Bloodroot(sanguinaria canadensis): may cause nausea, low blood pressure, skin irritation and lethargy. In high doses, this herb can lead to coma.
Blue cohosh(caulophyllum thalictroides): may cause premature labour and developmental abnormalities, heart problems and strokes in a baby. Never take blue cohosh to start labour.
Bugleweed(lycopus americanus): this herb may affect your pituitary hormones.
Caraway(carum carvi): may cause miscarriage, contractions, and premature labour.
Cascara(rhamnus purshiana): prolonged use can cause potassium deficiency and a loss of fluid.
Celery seed(apium graveolens): may cause contractions, miscarriage or premature labour if taken in medicinal doses.
Camomile, roman(anthemis nobilis): may cause contractions, miscarriage or premature labour. It may also cause allergic reactions.
Cinnamon(cinnamomum cassia): Hepatotoxic in large amounts.
Clary sage(salvia sclarea): a strong womb-stimulant. It may cause a miscarriage or premature labour if used before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Large doses in labour may cause foetal distress from strong contractions. Never use clary sage to induce labour.
Clove (sanguinaria canadensis): may cause complications within the liver and problems with blood clotting.
Comfrey(symphytum officinale): hepatotoxic, carcinogenic and may cause abnormalities in the baby.
Devil’s claw(harpagophytum procumbens): may cause miscarriages, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, headaches, abdominal pain, allergic skin irritation and changes in the blood.
Dong quai(angelica sinensis): this may cause miscarriages, premature labour, diarrhoea, and sensitivity to sunlight. It may also be carcinogenic in large doses.
Elderberry(sambucus nigra): they may cause nausea, vomiting, or severe diarrhoea if elderberries are not well-cooked before eating. Eating unripe fruit or fruit juice made from unripened berries may cause weakness, dizziness or numbness in the limbs.
Fennel(foeniculum vulgare): may cause contractions, premature labour and miscarriages.
Fenugreek(trigonella foenum-graecum): large amounts of this herb may cause premature labour, miscarriages and contractions.
Feverfew(tanacetum parthenium): this may act as a womb-stimulant, leading to premature labour. It may also cause nausea, diarrhoea or constipation, headaches, abdominal pain and bloating.
Garlic(allium sativa): medicinal doses have the potential to cause miscarriages, premature labour and contractions.
Ginseng, Asian(panax ginseng): may cause developmental problems in your baby.
Ginseng, Siberian(eleutherococcus senticosus): may cause drowsiness, anxiety, irritability, breast tenderness and (in large doses), bleeding from the womb. It can also cause a quickened heartbeat and high blood pressure. Long-term use of this herb may cause sciatica and muscle spasms.
Golden ragwort(senecio aureus): hepatotoxic. May cause developmental problems with your baby, as well as being a womb-stimulant that can induce miscarriages and premature labour.
Goldenseal (hydrastis canadensis): a womb-stimulant that may induce miscarriages and premature labour. It can also negatively affect your baby’s brain development.
Gotu kola(centella asiatica): there is not enough information about this herb to deem it safe for use during pregnancy. Hepatotoxic.
Horsetail(equisetum arvense): can lead to a vitamin B1 deficiency.
Juniper berry(juniperus communis): may lead to miscarriages. Nephrotoxic.
Lady’s slipper (cypripedium parviflorum): hallucinogenic. There is not enough information to deem this herb safe to use during pregnancy.
Liqorice(glycyrrhiza glabra): a womb-stimulant that may lead to miscarriages or a premature labour. It also increases blood pressure.
Lovage (levisticum officinale): potential womb-stimulant that may cause miscarriages or premature labour.
Marjoram (origanum vulgare): in large doses, this may act as a womb-stimulant.
Mistletoe(viscum album): may act as a womb-stimulant (premature labour, contractions, miscarriages) and increase blood pressure.
Motherwort (leonurus cardiaca): may act as a womb-stimulant and induce a miscarriage or premature labour.
Mugwort (artemisia vulgaris): may induce miscarriages, premature labour, abnormalities in your baby’s development, and allergic reactions.
Myrrh (commiphora molmol): may act as a womb-stimulant.
Oregano(origanum marjoricum): may act as a womb-stimulant.
Parsley (petroselinum crispum): may act as a womb-stimulant and cause defects upon birth.
Nutmeg (myristica fragrans): a hallucinogen in large doses, it may also react with pain relieving drugs (such as pethidine) in labour. It may also induce miscarriages or premature labour.
Passion flower(passiflora incarnata): may act as a womb-stimulant.
Pennyroyal(mentha pulegium): hepatotoxic, nephrotoxic, a womb-stimulant. It may also cause dizziness, bloody vomiting, delirium, fits, raised blood pressure and blood-clotting problems.
Peruvian bark (cinchona officinalis): may cause bleeding, problems with vision, headaches, diarrhoea, vomiting and nausea.
Poke root(phytolacca decandra): may act as a womb-stimulant and cause thinning of the blood.
Pulsatilla (anemone pulsatilla): may act as a womb-stimulant and trigger abnormalities at birth.
Rhubarb (rheum officinale): may have a laxative effect that can include gastric bleeding. Long-terms use may lead to potassium deficiency which can bring on weakness and a loss in bone density.
Rosemary(rosmarinus officinalis): may bring on contractions if consumed in large amounts. The essential oil can increase blood pressure and induce seizures in those with epilepsy.
Rue (ruta graveolens): may act as a womb-stimulant and over consumption can lead to kidney and liver failure.
Saffron (crocus sativus): may act as a womb-stimulant if taken in large or medicinal doses.
Sage (salvia officinale): it may trigger bleeding and cause miscarriages. It can also reduce your milk production due to the effect it has on hormones.
Sassafras (sassafras albidum): this herb contains safrole which can induce miscarriages. Carcinogenic, heptatoxic.
Shepherd’s purse(capsella bursa-pastoris): may act as a womb-stimulant and could also lead to thyroid problems.
St. John’s Wort: this herb may cause skin sensitivity, nausea and vomiting, disturbed sleep, constipation and anxiety attacks. There is not enough evidence to deem this herb safe to take during pregnancy.
Tansy (tanacetum vulgare): it may stimulate the womb leading to miscarriage or premature labour. Prolonged use may cause vomiting, fits, kidney and liver damage, breathing difficulties, irregular heartbeat, and loss of consciousness.
Thyme (thymus vulgaris): potential allergic reactions may occur with long-term use.
Valerian (valeriana officinalis): not enough is known about this herb to deem it safe to use during pregnancy.
Verbena(verbena officinalis): may cause digestive upset and allergic reactions.
White horehound(marrubium vulgare): may act as a womb-stimulant.
Wild yam(dioscorea villosa): known to have an effect on hormones, not enough is known about this herb to deem it safe for use during pregnancy.
Wormwood(artemisia absinthium): may act as a womb-stimulant, cause fits and bring about kidney problems.
To be safe, you should avoid oils that feature or are infused with these herbs. As much as most of the problems listed here come from ingesting these herbs, you are likely to absorb some of the essence of them from oils and therefore the risk is still present. You should also avoid teas brewed with the aforementioned ingredients, for obvious reasons.
Hepatotoxic/Hepatotoxicity: Liver toxicity.
Nephrotoxic/Nephrotoxicity: Kidney toxicity.
Carcinogen/Carcinogenic: Can cause cancer/cancerous growths.
Necromancy is a form of witchcraft that has been practised all over the world by a great number of cultures, communities, and faiths for a very, very long time.
But,… what is Necromancy?
When defined by the search engine, Google, Necromancy is as follows:
The supposed practice of communicating with the dead, especially in order to predict the future.“alchemy, necromancy, and other magic practices”.
Witchcraft, sorcery, or black magic in general.
Origin: Middle English nigromancie, via Old French from medieval Latin nigromantia, changed (by association with Latin niger, nigr- ‘black’) from late Latin necromantia, from Greek (see necro-, -mancy). The spelling was changed in the 16th century to conform with the late Latin form.
Comes from the Greek “Nekros” (”corpse”) and “manteia” (”prophecy”).
Necromancy in History
Necromancy in Ancient Greece: The ancient Greeks may have practiced ἡ νέκυια or nekyia similar to that described in Homer’s The Odyssey. The ritual described required travelling to a lonesome place near the mouth of Hades, digging a pit and filling it with the blood of of a sacrificed ram and ewe. This caused the dead to gather around the sacrifice and he was able to treat with them for assistance.
Another form of necromancy described in the literature of the ancient Greeks is through κατάβασις katabasis or “descent”. In this process, the practitioner or hero descends into Hades, the underworld, to confer with the dead directly in their own land. This was most likely performed via some ceremonially prescribed method of astral projection.
One location in Greece where such rites may have taken place is the Necromanteion Νεκρομαντεῖον temple (trans: “Oracle of the Dead”) in Ephyra which was sited along a river believed to flow directly into the underworld. It was most likely here that Odysseus performed his rite and Herodotus reports that the 6th century tyrant Periander sent messengers here to inquire of his dead wife Melissa. Visitors would be given a meal containing narcotics of some sort and then would be led through twisting corridors, leaving offerings as they go which the Priest, the nekyomanteia, asked questions and chanted prayers. The Romans destroyed this temple in 167BC.
Necromancy in Abrahamic Lore:
The opinion of Abrahamic tradition is largely that Necromancy is impossible at best and any messages received from the dead are really demonic forces in disguise sent by Satan to fool the unwary. At any rate, Christianity strictly forbids Necromancy and all forms of divination in the Book of Deuteronomy (18:9–12) and further illustrates what a bad idea it is in 1 Samuel when Saul seeks the aid of a medium to get some advice from the deceased Samuel, only to receive a fierce chiding from Samuel and assurances that he’s going to die soon. Most Christian apologists insist that this was impossible and that the image of Samuel was an illusion, perhaps an angel sent to give the message or a demon bent on trickery. Thus, all necromancy is actually the summoning of demons.
During the Early and High Middle Ages, however, necromancy was occasionally seen in practice by Christian clerics. Rituals written by Christian necromancy, particularly those practiced by Medieval clerics, are often heavy with Christian symbolism, traditional Christian prayers and “Names of God” so as to easily disguise these rituals as acts of prayer and devotion. These clerics were highly educated and had access to magical texts from both East and West and combined these practices with exorcism and other Christian practices. They experimented a great deal with both necromancy and demonology; often in conjunction as the two were frequently conflated. As a result, most Christian sources for necromancy cannot be relied upon as they are mostly about demons, not the dead.
Nowadays, Necromancy is extensively practised in Quimbada, and some other African traditions, such as voodoo. It is also used in some branches of Santeria. It is not exclusive to these sects of paganism and witchcraft, however.
In present day practises, the term Necromancy is used as an umbrella term for any magickal workings that involve death, the dead, spirits and anything relating to those things.
It is said that seances, and channeling of this ilk verge on Necromancy when the invoked spirits are asked questions pertaining to future events.
So,… What is Necromancy, then?
Traditionally, it is the practise of divining using the dead as a channeling tool (via their spirits or actual physical bodies), or the act of utilising the bodies of the deceased in magickal workings.
Nowadays, Necromancy remains true to its roots in divination, but the title has grown to encompass death related workings of all kinds.
In fiction, Necromancy is often seen as raising the dead.
Common Tools in Necromancy:
Spirit boards/talking boards
Dragon’s Blood (resin)
Poppets (also known as ancestry dolls/vessels)
Common Practises Within Necromancy:
Osteomancy (divination using bones)
Guidelines for Necromancy:
1. Do not trespass in private cemeteries.
2. Do not desecrate graves.
3. Use incense in areas with good ventilation.
4. Treat the dead with respect and do not insult them.
5. Payment works better than threats. Forget ceremonial traditions.
6. Ward your place of residence against malevolent or angry spirits.
7. Do not practice around children or in the presence of pregnant individuals.
8. Remember that demons are not the only entities capable of possession, the dead can do it too.
9. Do not perform rituals in cemeteries as this can lead to arrest.
10. Perform regular banishment and purification rituals in your place of practice.
11. If practicing animal necromancy purify and consecrate all physical remains to protect against angry spirits.
12. Always carry some form of protection when working with the dead. This includes but is not limited to holy symbols, an iron knife (or other object including filings), consecrated or holy water, amulets or talismans, a book of prayer or holy text, etc.
13. Keep your practice relatively secret. Only tell people who you truly trust and that will accept it.
14. Consider celebrating a festival that honors those who have passed such as Samhain, the Day of the Dead, the Bon Festival, Ayamarca, Thursday of the Dead, Hop-tu-Naa, Gaiijatra, Tomb-Sweeping Day, the Hungry Ghost Festival, etc. This helps the practicing necromancer gain respect on the Other Side.
15. Practice ancestor veneration or worship and establish a solid relationship with the members of your family who are no longer among the living. This is considered a very good idea as if you find yourself having spiritual or physical trouble (such as a haunting, or abuse/assault) your ancestors can be called upon to aid you. They are never very far from their descendants and be considered somewhat like a family militia. They can also provide assistance in other matters as well as offer advice.
16. Keep a large supply of salt on-hand but do not use salt in offerings or put it on altars. Salt has purification properties and also absorbs spiritual energies. Most spirits (including the dead) will not go near it as it makes them weaker. If you wish to keep spirits out of certain rooms in your house (such as the bedroom) then place small containers of salt at various locations (I suggest windows and bedside tables). It can also be used offensively by throwing it at harmful spirits.
17. If you are being haunted (locational or personally) by a troublesome spirit that won’t leave when you ask, do NOT seek help from the Christian clergy. They have a miserable track record with exorcisms of the dead as can be seen in many pieces of documentation. Instead locate a banishing ritual you feel comfortable with, gather the necessary supplies and do it yourself. Followup immediately with purification through censing, floor washes, baths, sainings, etc. If this does not work seek help from a local occultist, make offerings to a deity or angel, and in extreme circumstances vacate the premises.
18. Necromancy is not a spectator sport. It is unethical and immoral to raise or use the dead for the amusement of others, acquiring fame, television or film spectacles, tourism, etc. Abusing the art in this way will always cause repercussions ranging from annoying (spirits refusing to work with you), to racketeering (the spirits asking for their cut) and even potential danger (the dead deciding to deflate your swollen ego).
19. Before becoming involved with necromancy, know both yourself and your thoughts. The dead are capable of causing illness, draining your energy, and even influencing your thoughts. If some of the thoughts in your head are not normal for you they may not be yours. Additionally if you begin feeling tired or ill and there is no rational explanation divine the cause. It is possible that a spirit is using you as a battery or a deceased entity is upset with you.
20. While it is important to treat the dead well, it is also important to be nice to the living. It is possible to have a formerly living acquaintance become an enemy after their death.
They are merely a way for spirits to commune with you by using your energy, so listen up.
And for the love of anything and everything, please remember that spirits can lie; they can say silly or scary things to frighten you so that they get a laugh out of it.
They may have heard of some of the urban legends going around about Zozo or some such malarkey, and play on that to give you the heebie jeebies.
Sometimes you might get messages that don’t make sense, and that could be because there isn’t enough energy for the spirit to communicate properly, they may not speak your language, or they may be messing about.
With any form of spirit communication you can come into contact with a malicious spirit. It is a risk and it can be scary, but they cannot hurt you because all that is happening with a Ouija board, is the spirit utilising the energy you give them (set parameters before you begin the session if you’re worried) to get you to move the planchette to convey their message.
You haven’t opened a portal. Or a channel. Or a gateway. You are not summoning or conjuring. That is a wholly different, more complicated and more potentially dangerous type of magick.
Ouija boards aren’t magick. It’s a game and a tool to talk. Like texting but with spirits. As for saying “Goodbye”, it’s important to be polite.
Nothing bad can come from Ouija and spirit boards.
Ouija Board Etiquette
The precautions you can take are that you may want to cleanse the board and planchette before using it.
If you wish, you can state that you are only offering a small amountof energy for the spirits to borrow to help convey their message. Most spirits are people, most people are decent. They will respect your wishes.
When it comes to,… shall we say Ouija etiquette, and any sort of spirit work, the main thing to bear in mind is that the spirits you’re likely communing with were people.You should act as you in any civilised conversation: be polite.
Here are some recommendations geared more specifically to spirits:
Do not ask about the manner of death. This is basic common sense. It is impolite and unkind and may cause a spirit to stop communication or become hostile. If a spirit becomes hostile they cannot harm you through a Ouija game but they can frighten you.
Stay as calm as you can. Ouija boards are games. They’re supposed to be fun. It is possible that a less than nice spirit may detect your fear and prey on it by sending you unsettling messages. Do not be afraid. No harm can come to you.
Spirits can be mischevious and they can lie. Take everything said by them with a pinch of salt.
As I said before, most spirits and people and most people are decent, so if you ask for something to be done, e.g., you want the spirits to stop knowing your emotions, you can ask them to.
Don’t go into a game looking to contact a specific person. It is unlikely that the spirit you so sorely desire to speak to will appear for you. Especially someone famous. Spirits can play tricks for their own amusement and lead you into thinking you’re speaking with David Bowie when really it’s a bloke named Keith from two towns over.
Always says goodbye. Not for any other reason other than to politeness and respect. Say thank you and say goodbye, just as you would when ending any conversation. Think of communications via a Ouija board as something like a phonecall, with added paranormalcy.
You can try to use spirit boards alone, though only few have much success as there isn’t usually enough energy for a spirit to use to get you to share their message.
Again, I’m no expert on this and you’re more likely to get concise and correct answers from @theouijagirl.
This curse is the first one in almost 8 years of practising witchcraft that I have created. It has been a long time coming, and a long time in the making as I have used it once before, with success, and it is centred around,… personal trauma. It has come into being as the result of me being unable to feel any real closure or justice after being put through years of emotional abuse and sometimes violent outbursts.
Please, feel free to use it.
A jar you can securely seal.
Chilli flakes or powder (adds oomph, represents fire (burning) and sends people away).
3-6 Nails – rusted, preferably but not necessary. (destruction, decay).
A bodily fluid of yours (blood would be most potent, but if you’re not comfortable with that, spit or tears will work too).
Cemetery Dirt (feelings of emptiness, emotional distress).
If you were to look up the definition of both of the words on a search engine (hello, Google!) they are defined as follows:
Curse: (aside from meaning vulgar words) is “casting the evil eye or an evil spell upon someone.”
Hex: to curse someone.
Oh, dear sweet Google, you have tried your best but in this instance, every witch will tell you that you are wrong.
The general consensus is that ultimately, curses are worse than hexes; the target tends to suffer more at the hands of a curse than they do at the hands of a hex.
Usually more serious than hexes.
Can live on through generations if that is what the caster intended.
Tend to be long-term in nature.
Usually, curses are borne of anger; of hatred and even a need for justice.
They can usually be reversed or undone; reversals can be done by the caster, and undoings may be done by the caster, target or a third party.
Often cast as a “one-off” piece of magick.
Their effects are apparent very quickly, but they are not long-term – seen sometimes as an instantaneous form of malevolent magick.
Hexes are borne of revenge and/or annoyance, and they usually cause irritation and subsequent annoyance to the target – hexes are a way for the caster make their target feel what they have been made to feel for a short time.
Due to their nature, hexes are usually over and done with quickly and do not require a reversal or undoing.
Both of these forms of magick, are forms of malevolent magick that is used for many reasons.
Some people curse their abusers, or people who have hurt them and some people hex their ex-partners, or someone who has brushed them up the wrong way. Like all magick, what you do is circumstantial and no one can tell you whether you should or should not perform magick of this kind (I am pro-curse and hex, but not everyone is).
You’ll notice that I’ve bunched the common ingredients for curses and hexes in one list – that is because these two are simply lesser and greater forms of the same kind of magick, so you must bear in mind what your intent is when you choose your spell/ritual ingredients.
Do you want to frustrate, annoy and irritate your target? Do you want to bring them bad luck? Do you want to bring them untold misery? Consider this carefully.